Stigma, fear, discrimination, & homophobia may place many African Americans at higher risk for HIV.

The poverty rate is higher among African Americans than other racial/ethnic groups.

The socioeconomic issues associated with poverty—including limited access to high-quality health care, housing, and HIV prevention education—directly and indirectly increase the risk for HIV infection and affect the health of people living with and at risk for HIV.

These factors may explain why African Americans have worse outcomes on the HIV continuum of care, including lower rates of linkage to care and viral suppression